Baseball – An Overview

October 23, 2009


Baseball is a game that is believed to have arrived to the United States through immigrants from Britain and Ireland. The baseball game, according to popular belief, has originated in the Ireland few centuries back. Baseball is played between two competing teams – the batting team and the fielding team, where the team that scores the maximum ‘runs’ will win the game. Hence, the goal of the game is scoring more points than the rival team and in the language of baseball; points are referred to as ‘runs’.

By running through all the bases in the square shaped field called ‘diamond’, each of the nine member teams will attempt to score runs when they are batting. This running through bases is known as a ‘tour’. Starting from the home plate, a player will tour counter clockwise, until he arrives back to the home plate.

Looking at how the baseball game is played, one should first know the basic tools of baseball or in other words – the baseball equipment. They are the bat, the ball, the mitt and the field.

The bat is an offensive tool made of wood or aluminum, is long and hard and has a diameter of about 5 centimeters with a handle of smaller diameter (about 1 inch).

The ball used in baseball has the size of a fist and is usually white in colour with red lacing (though the colour could vary).

The mitt which is also known as gloves is worn as defensive baseball equipment and it is made of leather. Wearing the mitt helps in catching the ball. Also, depending upon the needs of the defending position of the player, the shapes of mitts can also differ.

The field on which baseball is played is in the shape of a diamond and its dimensions can change – depending on the players’ age.

Baseball has a series of innings when it is played. Each of the innings are divided in to two halves. At the beginning of each half-inning of the baseball match, the nine defensive players will arrange themselves on the field. One defensive player will stand at a designated spot in the centre which is known as the mound whilst the defensive player known as the catcher will stand at the other side of the pitcher’s side of the home plate.

When the batter holding a bat stands at the home plate, and hits the ball that was thrown at him; the game begins and the batter will start running towards the first base. Any runners, meanwhile who were already on the base, will try to advance on to other additional bases. The catcher should catch the ball and return them to the pitcher, by this time.

These are the basic concepts behind one of the most popular games in the United States – Baseball.

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