Basketball Information – How to Use it?

August 24, 2009



With so much basketball information today, rare is the coach in the present-day game who does not use some type of chart to furnish objective data every time his team plays.

Types of Charts
The types of charts in use today may be grouped as follows:
1. Shot charts.
2. Mistake charts.
3. Rebound charts.
4. Miscellaneous charts.

Shot Charts
The shot chart is the most common chart used. It furnishes the following information:
1. Number of shots taken by both teams.
2. Type of shots taken by both teams.
3. Location of shots taken by both teams.
4. Shooting percentage of both teams.
5. Shooting percentage of individuals on both teams.

A knowledge of the number of shots taken by both beginner basketball teams can point to specific offensive or defensive weaknesses that must be corrected. If a team is taking too few shots, concentration on offensive practice may increase the number taken. If the opponent is taking too many shots, added emphasis on defense in practice may reduce this number.

The type of shots taken by both teams may indicate the type of shots to be practiced or defensive adjustments needed. Needless to say, if the opponents are getting too many lay-up shots, the team defense must be improved. If the opponents are getting an excessive number of rebound shots, stress must be placed on defensive rebounding.

The location of shots taken will point out areas for offensive improvement and defensive adjustment. If a team is shooting too many outside shots, practice plans may stress work on plays designed to get closer shots. If the opponents are shooting a number of outside shots unsuccessfully, a sagging type of man-for-man defense or a type of zone defense may be in order.

Beginner basketball information should include the shooting percentage of the team and of individuals. This is very important in planning practices and preparing for games. A knowledge of individual shooting percentage on a team can indicate the individuals that should be doing much of the shooting, can suggest line-up changes, and can reduce the number of bad shots taken. Coaching emphasis on good shooting percentage can spur individuals and the team into working for better shots. A knowledge of the high percentage shooters on opposing teams can allow for defensive concentration on these individuals.

Keeping the Shot Chart
A shot chart on both teams can easily be kept by one individual. When a player attempts a shot, his number is written on the chart at the approximate location the shot was taken. The type of shot taken may be included by adding a symbol after the number. For example, 22S would indicate a set shot by number 22. If the number and symbol are circled, the shot was made. If it is not circled, the shot was missed.

Mistake Charts
What type of information may be recorded by mistake charts?
1. Bad passes.
2. Double-dribbling.
3. Walking.
4. Fumbles.
5. Other violations causing loss of ball.

A knowledge of the mistakes being committed by a beginner basketball team and the individuals committing these mistakes can be an excellent guide in planning practice sessions. If an excessive number of bad passes are being made, passing drills should be emphasized. If walking and dribble violations are being committed, drills stressing correct pivoting and dribbling should receive emphasis.

The knowledge of the type of mistakes being committed and the individuals committing them can be useful in skull sessions when reviewing games. Cautioning the players about these mistakes and the simple knowledge that they are being committed can contribute toward their reduction.

Keeping the Mistake Chart
Mistakes may be recorded simply by writing the number of the individual committing the mistake in the appropriate mistake column. One individual may record both shots and mistakes.

Accurate charting of beginners basketball information will make the job of the coach easier.

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